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  Linguistica Uralica

 

ISSN 1736-7506 (electronic)  ISSN 0868-4731 (print)

Published since 1965

Linguistica Uralica

 

ISSN 1736-7506 (electronic)  ISSN 0868-4731 (print)

Published since 1965

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Vowels in Word-Initial Syllables in Muhu Estonian; 241-249

(Full article in PDF format)


Authors

Ellen Niit

Abstract

The article provides an overview of the vowel quality in words of different quantity degrees as used in Standard Estonian spoken on the West Estonian Island of Muhu. The findings are based on the formant analysis of the data recorded by male informants of two age groups. The acoustic-phonetic measurements show that the vowel system in word-initial syllables of Muhu Estonian comprises nine vowels, just like that of Standard Estonian. It can be seen that in the older age group, the mid-high vowels/e/, /ö/ and /o/ are raised if they are of long and overlong duration. In the younger age group, only the mid-high front vowel /e/ is slightly raised, and additionally the mid-high vowels /ö/ and /õ/ have become closer in the formant space.

Keywords

Insular Estonian, dialectology, vowel system.

References

Ariste , P. 1953 , Eesti keele foneetika , Tallinn.

Lonn , V. , Niit , E. 2002 , Saarte murde tekstid , Tallinn (Eesti murded VII).

Niit , E. 2002 , Keel. - Saaremaa: loodus , aeg , inimene , Tallinn , 467-482.

Niit , E. 2004 , Eesti keele piirkondlikud aktsendid. - Virsu II. Suomi ja viro kohdekielinä. Lähivertailuja 15 , Oulu (Oulun yliopisto. Suomen ja saamen kielen ja logopedian laitoksen julkaisuja 24) , 50-61.

Niit , E. 2005 , Vowels in Initial Syllables in Saaremaa. - LU XLI , 113-122.

Pajusalu , K. , Hennoste , T. , Niit , E. , Päll , P. , Viikberg , J. 2002 , Eesti murded ja kohanimed , Tallinn.

Rullingo , A. 2001 , Muhumaa: loodus , aeg , inimene , Tallinn , 531-537.
Saareste , A. 1932 , Eesti keeleala murdelisest liigendusest. - EK , 17-40.

Vihma , H. 1957 , Muhu murraku häälikuline ja morfoloogiline ülevaade. Diplomitöö , Tartu (Manuscript).

 
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Current Issue: Vol. 55, Issue 1, 2019




Publishing schedule:

No. 1: 28 March
No. 2: 28 June
No. 3: 28 September
No. 4: 28 December