The Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences is open to worldwide scientific community for publication of internationally peer-reviewed primary research and review papers in the fields of science represented at the Estonian Academy of Sciences (mathematics, physics, chemistry, etc.). The manuscripts submitted should be written in English and meet the following requirements.
Manuscript elements should be in the following order: Title Page, Key words, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References. Tables, figure legends, and figures should be sent in separate files or placed at the end of the article.
The title should be concise but informative. The arrangement and selection of words is important for indexing purposes. A short running title should be provided.
The name(s), including one forename in full, affiliation(s), and full address(es) of the author(s) should follow the title of the paper. The corresponding author should be marked by an asterisk and his/her e-mail address should be given. In the covering letter the telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author should be provided.
The abstract should be a self-contained summary of the paper, presenting concisely the objectives of the work reported, methodology, results, and conclusions. It should be limited to approximately 250 words. Mathematical expressions and citations in the abstract should be avoided. The abstract should be followed by key words (max seven) with the first key word indicating the discipline of the study.
The introduction should be a review of pertinent work, should cite appropriate references, and should also include a clear statement of the object of investigation.
Conclusions should give a short summary of the achieved results followed by possible further steps and extensions.
Acknowledgements of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. The institution(s) or person(s) covering the publication costs must be shown in this section.
The manuscript should include a summary in Estonian (not obligatory for foreign authors).
The authors of review articles are asked to present also their CVs and photographs.
The volume of the manuscript (incl. references, summaries, illustrations, and tables) is preferably no more than 26 double-spaced pages.
It is essential that the paper be written in clear, proper English. Manuscripts requiring substantial improvement of English usage may be returned to the author(s) for revision before the review process. If English is not your native language, we recommend that you ask a native English speaker or a competent linguist to read over your manuscript before submitting. The authors should consult a recent issue of the journal for style (www.eap.ee). The editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards of uniformity.
Notation and abbreviations
Notation must be clear, compact, and consistent with standard usage. All notations and abbreviations should be defined in the text. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract.
Equations should be numbered consecutively with equation numbers enclosed in parentheses at the right margin of the page. In the text, reference to an equation should be in the form of an equation number enclosed in parentheses.
Illustrations should be prepared in their final format (that is no enlarging or reducing will be necessary). The maximum size of an illustration is that of one journal page (166 mm × 228 mm) or of one column (80 mm × 228 mm). All illustrations must be clearly numbered. The appropriate place for each illustration in the text should be shown. If necessary, the top of the figure should be indicated. All illustrations must have self-explanatory legends. The legends of illustrations should be listed separately. The text, tables, and illustrations should not repeat one another.
Dense shading for background should be avoided. The lettering (upper- and lowercase letters, italic, bold) should follow the usage in the text. Different parts of a figure should be marked by lowercase letters in parentheses. The size of symbols and lettering should not be smaller than 1.5 mm.
Illustrations should be provided in one of the following formats:
· .cdr (CorelDraw)
· .ai (Adobe Illustrator)
· .eps (Encapsulated Post Script)
· .xls (Microsoft Excel, save as an Excel worksheet; should contain spreadsheet and embedded chart)
Raster graphics (such as photographs or scanned line-art):
· .tif (Tagged Image Format, use LZW compression to reduce file size significantly)
· .psd (Adobe Photoshop)
Mixed vector and raster graphics:
· .eps (Encapsulated Post Script)
For papers in LaTeX
.eps (Encapsulated Post Script)
Make sure that any artwork is at the appropriate, minimum, resolution: 300 dpi for halftones and greyscale, 600 dpi for combinations (line art and halftones together), and 600 dpi for line art.
Photographs should be saved as tif or eps files at a resolution of at least 300 dpi.
Colour illustrations are accepted if they are essential to the presentation. The images should be in CMYK mode (resolution at least 300 dpi). Authors will be asked to cover the full cost incurred in colour printing. Further information concerning colour illustrations can be obtained from the Executive Editor.
References to the literature cited should be indicated at the appropriate place in the text. Either the author–year (Harvard) or numerical (Vancouver) style of citing may be used. All references in the list of references should appear in the text and vice versa. Use abbreviated titles of journals in the list of references.
If the author–year style is used, references to the literature should be indicated at the appropriate place in the text using the name(s) of the author(s) and year of publishing. A reference list in alphabetical order should appear at the end of the article. References should be presented as follows:
(a) For a book: Name(s) and initials of the author(s), year of publishing, title of the book (in italics), publisher, place of publishing, and year of publishing:
Dehmlow, E. V. and Dehmlow, S. S. 1993. Phase Transfer Catalysis. 3rd ed. VCH, Weinheim.
(b) For articles in journals: Name(s) and initials of the author(s), year of publishing, title of the paper, abbreviated journal title (in italics), volume number (in bold), issue number only if each issue is paginated separately, page numbers:
Hua, Z., Chen, J., Lun, S. and Wang, X. Influence of biosurfactants produced by Candida antarctica on surface properties of microorganisms and biodegradation of n-alkanes. Water Res., 2003, 37, 4143–4150.
(c) For articles in collections: Name(s) and initials of the author(s), year of publishing, title of the paper, title of the collection ( (in italics, preceded by In), name(s) and initials of the editor(s), page numbers, publisher and place of publishing:
Ayrault, S. 2005. Multi-element analysis of plant and soil samples. In Trace and Ultratrace Elements in Plants and Soil (Shtangeeva, I., ed.), pp. 1–32. WIT Press, Boston.
If the numerical style is used, number references to published works consecutively and insert a numeral in the appropriate place in the text in brackets (e.g. ). A list of references should appear at the end of the paper.
References should be presented as follows:
(a) For a book: Name(s) and initials of the author(s), title of the book (in italics), publisher, place, and year of publishing:
Lusztig, G. Introduction to Quantum Groups. Birkhäuser, Boston, 1993.
(b) For articles in journals: Name(s) and initials of the author(s), title of the paper, abbreviated journal title (in italics), year, volume (in bold), page numbers:
Milnor, J. On the Betti numbers of real algebraic varieties. Proc. Am. Math. Soc., 1964, 15, 275–281.
(c) For articles in collections: Name(s) and initials of the author(s), title of the paper, title of the collection ((in italics, preceded by In), name(s) and initials of the editor(s), volume number, publisher, place, and year of publishing, page numbers:
Jones, W. B. Multiple-point Padé tables. In Padé and Rational Approximation: Theory and Applications (Saff, E. B. and Varga, R. S., eds). Academic Press, New York, 1977, 57–65.
References to electronic materials (except electronic journals) should be kept to a minimum. The electronic medium should be specified, e.g., CD-ROM, Diskette, etc. If material is available online, the access mode, address, and date should be given.
Literature in Cyrillic script: The official title in English, German, or French should be given if available (e.g. from summaries). If no official English, German, or French version is available, the titles of books and articles should be translated into English; journal names should be abbreviated and transliterated into Roman script; the publication data should be transliterated. The following table (modified BGN/PCGN system) should be used for transliteration:
Zelikman, A., Korshunov, B. and Elyutin, A. 1990. Niobium and Tantalum. Metallurgia, Moscow (in Russian).
Manuscripts should be submitted electronically by e-mail (Virve.Kurnitski@eap.ee). The attachment should be packed (max size 5 MB) and include:
(a) the files of the paper in MS Word (.doc,.docx) or LATEX (.tex) format (other TEX versions are not accepted);
(b) original files of illustrations ( cdr, xls) or saved as eps, tif, psd, ai;
(c) a copy of the identical text and illustrations in .pdf format;
(d) the covering letter.
Word versions are preferable in case the manuscript does not include complicated formulas. In both cases the authors are asked not to use specially defined macros. If it has been necessary to define the commands, they should be added to the text file.
In the covering letter the authors should supply full contact details (incl. e-mail addresses) for at least four individuals who may be appropriate reviewers for the manuscript. Also, information about possible conflict of interests should be reported.
Article Publication Charges
All articles published in the Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences are freely available to read, download, re-use ,and share for non-commercial purposes.
To cover publication costs of these papers, the Estonian Academy Publishers charges a publication fee of €500 per publication of papers up to 12 printed pages.The publication fee of articles up to 12 printed pages will be waived by the Estonian Academy of Sciences to the authors whose work was supported by Estonian granting agencies or other Estonian funding bodies and the authors of these papers have explicitly stated this information in the Acknowledgement.
For all longer papers than 12 printed pages additional page charge of €62 will be requested for each extra page.
The authors of review papers are free of publication fees and payment for extra pages.
The publication fee should be paid by the authors, by their institution or the funder of their research. When submitting an article to the Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, the submitting author must agree to pay the publication fee and state this in the Cover Letter. After acceptance of the article the authors will be asked to pay the publication fee and this payment must be received before the article enters the production cycle. Payment should be made in Euro to the bank account indicated by the Estonian Academy Publishers. The invoice will be sent to the authors together with the acceptance note and receipt will be issued confirming this payment. Prompt payment is advised, as the article will not be sent to the production cycle and published until payment is received.
“Fast track” publication
After final decision about manuscript acceptance the authors have a possibility of applying for “fast track” publication. If this application is accepted by the Editor, the paper will be included in the next issue under the process of publication by increasing the number of journal pages. Extra costs of this increase will be covered by the non-refundable “fast track” fee, paid by the author(s) prior to publication. In the case of regular size papers the fee will be €500 per publication.
The (corresponding) author will receive a set of proofs as a printout or a pdf file for correcting printer’s errors. No changes may be made and no new material inserted in the text at the time of proofreading.
Payable offprints of an article (minimum 10 copies) can be ordered from the Editorial Office at proof stage.