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Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952

Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 1736-7530 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-6046 (print)
Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, series Physics & Mathematics and  Chemistry
Published since 1952
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Biobearings: where mechanics meets biology; pp. 232–240

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/proc.2008.4.05


Authors

Irina Hussainova, Hossein Ghaemi

Abstract

This review paper deals with the operation of human joints which, from a mechanical point of view, can be regarded as bearings. The main problem in the studies of biobearings is separate consideration of the matter in different disciplines or areas of research. However, being a highly interdisciplinary field, biomechanics has to collect and apply knowledge from many branches of science. In this paper, the recent advances in tribology, organic chemistry, and tissue biology are reviewed and summarized to give a comprehensive vision of the state of the art in the performance of synovial joints. The emphasis is on the latest findings in lubrication mechanisms and their possible interactions.

Keywords

biotribology, synovial joint, articular cartilage, lubrication, lipidic bilayer.

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