headerpos: 9353
 
 
  Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Publisher
Journal Information
» Editorial Board
» Editorial Policy
» Article Publication Charges
» Archival Policy
» Copyright and Licensing Policy
Guidelines for Authors
» Instructions to Authors
Guidelines for Reviewers
» Review Form
Open Access
List of Issues
» 2019
» 2018
» 2017
» 2016
» 2015
» 2014
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
» 2010
Vol. 59, Issue 4
Vol. 59, Issue 3
Vol. 59, Issue 2
Vol. 59, Issue 1
» 2009
» 2008
» 2007
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google Ecology
» Back issues in ETERA
Keemia. Geoloogia
» ETERA_scan
Subscription Information
Internet Links
Support & Contact
Publisher
» Other Journals
» Staff

The morphology and sculpture of ossicles in the Cyclopteridae and Liparidae (Teleostei) of the Baltic Sea; pp. 263–276

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/earth.2010.4.03


Authors

Tiiu Märss, Janek Lees, Mark V. H. Wilson, Toomas Saat, Heli Špilev

Abstract

Small to very small bones (ossicles) in one species each of the families Cyclopteridae and Liparidae (Cottiformes) of the Baltic Sea are described and for the first time illustrated with SEM images. These ossicles, mostly of dermal origin, include dermal platelets, scutes, tubercles, prickles and sensory line segments. This work was undertaken to reveal characteristics of the morphology, sculpture and ultrasculpture of these small ossicles that could be useful as additional features in taxonomy and systematics, in a manner similar to their use in fossil material. The scutes and tubercles of the cyclopterid Cyclopterus lumpus Linnaeus are built of small denticles, each having its own cavity viscerally. The thumbtack prickles of the liparid Liparis liparis (Linnaeus) have a tiny spinule on a porous basal plate; the small size of the prickles seems to be related to their occurrence in the exceptionally thin skin, to an adaptation for minimizing weight and/or metabolic cost and possibly to their evolution from isolated ctenii no longer attached to the scale plates of ctenoid scales. Nodular ultrasculpture was found on the tubercle denticles of C. lumpus, resembling some kinds of ultrasculpture seen in Palaeozoic vertebrates. Samples from the posterior part of the head of C. lumpus and the anterior part of the trunk of L. liparis each contained an ossified sensory line segment with distinct characteristics, as also reported in other cottoids.

Keywords

morphology, sculpture, dermal units, Actinopterygii, Cottiformes, Cyclopteridae, Liparidae, lumpsucker, Cyclopterus, sea snail, Liparis, Baltic Sea.

References

Afanassieva , O. B. 2004. Microrelief on the exoskeleton of some early osteostracans (Agnatha): preliminary analysis of its significance. In The Gross Symposium 2: Advances in Palaeoichthyology (Lukševičs , E. , ed.) , Acta Universitatis Latviensis , Earth and Environmental Sciences , 679 , 14–21.

Assis , C. A. 2003. The lagenar otoliths of teleosts: their morphology and its application in species identification , phylogeny and systematics. Journal of Fish Biology , 62 , 1268–1295.
doi:10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00106.x

Balushkin , A. V. & Voskoboinikova , O. S. 2008. Revision of the genus Genioliparis Andriashev et Neelov (Liparidae , Scorpaeniformes) with description of a new species G. kafanovi sp. n. from the Ross Sea (Antarctica). Journal of Ichthyology , 48 , 201–208.

Beznosov , P. 2001. The scales of ‘Acanthodes’ sp. from the Lower Kraipol Subformation (Upper Devonian , Frasnian) of Middle Timan. In Struktura , veshchestvo , istoriya litosfery Timano-severoural¢skogo segmenta [The Structure , Composition , History of Lithosphaere of the Timan-North Urals Segment] (Burtsev , I. N. et al. , eds) , pp. 23–27. Institute of Geology of KSC , Syktyvkar [in Russian].

Bonaparte , C. L. 1832. Iconografia della fauna Italica per le quattro classidegli animali vertebrati , tomo 3. Pesci. Roma , Salviucci , without pagination , in 30 fasc , 78 pls. (1832: Fasc. 1 , 2 pls.).

Burke , V. 1930. Revision of the fishes of the family Liparidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum , 150 , 1–204.

Chernova , N. V. 2008. Systematics and phylogeny of fish of the genus Liparis (Liparidae , Scorpaeniformes). Journal of Ichthyology , 48 , 831–852.
doi:10.1134/S0032945208100020

Chernova , N. V. , Stein , D. L. & Andriashev , A. P. 2004. Family Liparidae Scopoli 1777 – snailfishes. California Academy of Sciences. Annotated Checklists of Fishes , 31 , 1–72.

Eastman , J. T. & Lannoo , M. J. 1998. Morphology of the brain and sense organs in the snailfish Paraliparis devriesi: neural convergence and sensory compensation on the Arctic Shelf. Journal of Morphology , 237 , 213–236.
doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4687(199809)237:3<213::AID-JMOR2>3.0.CO;2-#

Eastman , J. T. , Hikida , R. S. & DeVries , A. L. 1994. Buoyancy studies and microscopy of skin and subtermal extracellular matrix of the Antarctic snailfish , Paraliparis devriesi. Journal of Morphology , 220 , 85–101.
doi:10.1002/jmor.1052200108

Gayet , M. & Meunier , F. J. 1986. Apport de l’étude de l’ ornementation microscopique de la ganoïne dans la détermination de l’appartenance générique et/ou spécifique des écailles isolées. Compte-Rendu de l’Académie des Sciences , Paris , Série II , 303 , 1259–1262.

Gross , W. 1973. Kleinschuppen , Flossenstacheln und Zähne von Fischen aus Europäischen und Nordamerikanischen Bonebeds des Devons. Palaeontographica , A142 , 51–155.

Hilton , E. J. , Johnson , G. D. & Smith-Vaniz , W. F. 2010. Osteology and systematics of Parastromateus niger (Perciformes: Carangidae) , with comments on the carangid dorsal gill-arch skeleton. Copeia , 2010 , 312–333.
doi:10.1643/CI-09-118

Jackson , K. Y. 2004. Contributions to the Systematics of the Cottoid Fishes (Teleostei: Scorpaeniformes). Ph. D. thesis , Department of Biological Sciences , University of Alberta , Edmonton , 181 pp.

Jordan , D. S. & Snyder , J. O. 1904. On a collection of fishes made by Mr. Alan Owston in the deep waters of Japan. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections , 45 , p. 230.

Kaoru Kido. 1983. New and rare liparidid species from the Okhotsk and Bering Seas and their adjacent waters. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology , 29 , 374–384.

Knudsen , S. W. , Møller , P. R. & Gravlund , P. 2007. Phylogeny of the snailfishes (Teleostei: Liparidae) based on molecular and morphological data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution , 44 , 649–666.
doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.04.005

Larink , O. & Westheide , W. 2006. Coastal Plankton. Photo guide for European Seas. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. München , 143 pp.

Linnaeus , C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae , secundum classes , ordinus , genera , species , cum characteribus , differentiis , synonymis , locis. Tomus I. Editio decima , reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii , Holmiae , 824 pp.

Linnaeus , C. 1766. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae , secundum classes , ordinus , genera , species , cum characteribus , differentiis , synonymis , locis. Tomus I. Editio duodecima , reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii , Holmiae , 532 pp.

Lõugas , L. 1997. Postglacial Development of Vertebrate Fauna in Estonian Water Bodies: a Paleozoological Study. Dissertationes Biologicae Universitatis Tartuensis , 32 , Tartu , 184 pp.

Lõugas , L. 1999. Postglacial development of fish and seal faunas in the Eastern Baltic water systems. In The Holocene History of the European Vertebrate Fauna. Modern Aspects of Research (Benecke , N. , ed.) , pp. 185–200. Verlag Marie Leidorf , Rahden/Westfahlen.

Märss , T. 2006. Exoskeletal ultrasculpture of Early Vertebrates. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology , 26 , 235–252.
doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[235:EUOEV]2.0.CO;2

Märss , T. , Lees , J. , Saat , T. & Špilev , H. 2009. The morpho­logy and sculpture of dermal units of Scorpaeniformes of the Baltic Sea. In 13th European Congress of Ichthyology , 6th–12th September , Klaipeda , Lithuania. Abstract Book , p. 35. Klaipeda University , Klaipeda.

Märss , T. , Lees , J. , Wilson , M. V. H. , Saat , T. & Špilev , H. 2010. The morphology and sculpture of ossicles in the Cottidae (Teleostei) of the Baltic Sea. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences , 59 , 216–237.
doi:10.3176/earth.2010.3.04

Meunier , F. J. & Brito , P. M. 2004. Histology and morphology of the scales in some extinct and extant teleosts. Cybium , 28 , 225–236.

Ojaveer , E. 2003. Sea snail , Liparis liparis (L.). In Fishes of Estonia (Ojaveer , E. , Pihu , E. & Saat , T. , eds) , pp. 357–358. Estonian Academy Publishers , Tallinn.

Ojaveer , E. & Ojaveer , H. 2003. Lumpsucker , Cyclopterus lumpus L. In Fishes of Estonia (Ojaveer , E. , Pihu , E. & Saat , T. , eds) , pp. 354–356. Estonian Academy Publishers , Tallinn.

Ørvig , T. 1978. Microstructure and growth of the dermal skeleton in fossil actinopterygian fishes: Birgeria and Scanilepis. Zoologica Scripta , 7 , 33–56.
doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.1978.tb00587.x

Paaver , T. & Lõugas , L. 2003. Origin and history of the fish fauna in Estonia. In Fishes of Estonia (Ojaveer , E. , Pihu , E. & Saat , T. , eds) , pp. 28–46. Estonian Academy Publishers , Tallinn.

Regan , C. T. 1913. The osteology and classification of the teleostean fishes of the order Scleroparei. Annals and Magazine of Natural History , 11 , 169–184.

Roberts , C. D. 1993. Comparative morphology of spined scales and their phylogenetic significance in the Teleostei. Bulletin of Marine Science , 52 , 60–113.

Sansom , I. R. , Aldridge , R. J. & Smith , M. M. 2000. A micro­vertebrate fauna from the Llandovery of South China. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences , 90 , 255–272.

Schultze , H.-P. 1977. Ausgangsform und Entwicklung der rhombischen Schuppen der Osteichthyes (Pisces). Paläontologische Zeitschrift , 51 , 152–168.

Scopoli , G. A. 1777. Introductio ad historiam naturalem , sistens genera lapidum , plantarum et animalium hactenus detecta , caracteribus essentialibus donata , in tribus divisa , subinde ad leges naturae. Prague. Introd. Hist. Nat. i-x + 506 pp.

Sire , J.-Y. , Quilhac , A. , Bourguignon , J. & Allizard , F. 1997. Evidence for participation of the epidermis in the deposition of superficial layer of scales in zebrafish (Danio rerio): a SEM and TEM study. Journal of Morphology , 231 , 161–174.
doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4687(199702)231:2<161::AID-JMOR5>3.0.CO;2-H

Stein , D. L. 2005. Descriptions of four new species , redescription of Paraliparis membranaceus , and additional data on species of the fish family Liparidae (Pisces , Scorpaeniformes) from the west coast of South America and the Indian Ocean. Zootaxa , 1019 , 1–25.

Ueno , T. 1970. Fauna Japonica: Cyclopteridae (Pisces). Tokyo , Academic Press of Japan , 233 pp.

Wiley , E. O. & Johnson , G. D. 2010. A teleost classification based on monophyletic groups. In Origin and Phylo­genetic Interrelationships of Teleosts (Nelson , J. S. , Schultze , H.-P. & Wilson , M. V. H. , eds) , pp. 123–182. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil , München.
 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 68, Issue 2 in Press, 2019




Publishing schedule:

No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December