headerpos: 9353
 
 
  Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Publisher
Journal Information
» Editorial Board
» Editorial Policy
» Article Publication Charges
» Archival Policy
» Copyright and Licensing Policy
Guidelines for Authors
» Instructions to Authors
Guidelines for Reviewers
» Review Form
Open Access
List of Issues
» 2019
» 2018
» 2017
» 2016
» 2015
» 2014
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
Vol. 60, Issue 4
Vol. 60, Issue 3
Vol. 60, Issue 2
Vol. 60, Issue 1
» 2010
» 2009
» 2008
» 2007
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google Ecology
» Back issues in ETERA
Keemia. Geoloogia
» ETERA_scan
Subscription Information
Internet Links
Support & Contact
Publisher
» Other Journals
» Staff

Late Glacial vegetation, sedimentation and ice recession chronology in the surroundings of Lake Prossa, central Estonia; pp. 147–158

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/earth.2011.3.03


Authors

Kersti Kihno, Leili Saarse, Leeli Amon

Abstract

Pollen records from Lake Prossa, located in the Saadjärv Drumlin Field, indicate rather homogeneous pollen spectra in the pre-Allerød period and a thick sediment sequence suggesting high input of mineral matter and erosion. This period is characterized by pioneer vegetation with dwarf-shrubs. At the beginning of the Allerød, Salix, Artemisia and redeposited temperate and thermophilous taxa prevailed in pollen spectra, referring to shrub tundra conditions, followed later by Betula and Pinus(?) arrival. Silt with organic debris deposited. Vegetational set-back and tundra plant species with scattered birches and silty deposits containing abundantly Drepanocladus fragments characterize the Younger Dryas stadial. The sedimentation rate decreased markedly and was followed by a hiatus at the beginning of the Holocene. The AMS 14C dates, and microfossil and sedimentological data show that the ice front receded and stratified sediments started to deposit about 14 200–14 300 cal yr BP, permitting specification of poorly constrained ice recession chronology in central Estonia.

Keywords

AMS 14C dates, microfossils, grain size, loss on ignition, ice recession, central Estonia.

References

Amon , L. & Saarse , L. 2010. Postglacial palaeoenvironmental changes in the area surrounding Lake Udriku , North Estonia. Geological Quarterly , 54 , 85–94.

Amon , L. , Heinsalu , A. & Veski , S. 2010. Late glacial multiproxy evidence of vegetation development and enviromental change at Solova , southern Estonia. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences , 59 , 151–163.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/earth.2010.2.05

Amon , L. , Veski , S. , Heinsalu , A. & Saarse , L. Timing of late-glacial vegetation dynamics and respective palaeo­environmental conditions in southern Estonia: evidence from Lake Nakri sediment record. Journal of Geological Research [accepted].

Arppe , L. & Karhu , J. A. 2010. Oxygen isotope values of precipitation and the thermal climate in Europe during the middle to late Weichselian ice age. Quaternary Science Reviews , 29 , 1263–1275.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.013

Berglund , B. E. & Ralska-Jasiewiczowa , M. 1986. Pollen analysis and pollen diagrams. In Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology (Berglund , B. E. , ed.) , pp. 455–484. John Wiley and Sons , Chichester.

Grimm , E. C. 2003. TILIA and TILIA GRAPH , PC spread­sheet and graphics software for pollen data. INQUA Working Group on Data Handling Methods Newsletter , 4 , 5–7.

Grimm , E. 2007. Tilia Version 1.0.1. Illinois State Museum , Research and Collection Center , Springfield.

Hang , T. , Rosentau , A. , Rattas , M. & Kalm , V. 2003. Kuremaa järve geoloogiast [On the geology of Lake Kuremaa]. In XXVI Looduseuurijate päev: Vooremaa loodus [XXVI Naturalist Day: Nature of Vooremaa] (Puura , I. & Reier , Ü. , eds) , pp. 17–26. Sulemees Publishers , Tartu [in Estonian].

Heikkilä , M. , Fontana , S. L. & Seppä , H. 2009. Rapid Late­glacial tree population dynamics and ecosystem changes in the eastern Baltic region. Journal of Quaternary Science , 24 , 802–815.

Isarin , R. F. B. & Bohncke , S. J. P. 1999. Mean July temperatures during the Younger Dryas in northwestern and central Europe as inferred from climate indicator plant species. Quarternary Research , 51 , 158–173.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/qres.1998.2023

Kajak , K. 1965. On the geology of the Saadjärv drumlin field. In Lithology and Stratigraphy of Quaternary Deposits in Estonia , pp. 23–28. Institute of Geology , Estonian Academy of Sciences , Tallinn [in Russian , with English summary].

Kalm , V. 2006. Pleistocene chronostratigraphy in Estonia , southeastern sector of the Scandinavian glaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews , 8 , 960–975.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.08.005

Kuoppamaa , M. , Huusko , A. & Hicks , S. 2009. Pinus and Betula pollen accumulation rates from the northern boreal forest as a record of interannual variation in July temperature. Journal of Quaternary Science , 24 , 513–521.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.1276

Lõugas , L. , Ukkonen , P. & Jungner , H. 2002. Dating the extinction of European mammoths: new evidence from Estonia. Quaternary Science Reviews , 21 , 1347–1354.

Mäemets , A. (ed.). 1968. Eesti järved [Lakes of Estonia]. Valgus , Tallinn , 532 pp.

Mangerud , J. , Andersen , S. T. , Berglund , B. E. & Donner , J. J. 1974. Quaternary stratigraphy of Norden , a proposal for terminology and classification. Boreas , 3 , 109–128.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1502-3885.1974.tb00669.x

Pirrus , R. 1969. Stratigraphic division of South Estonian Late Glacial deposits by means of pollen analysis. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Toimetised , Keemia , Geoloogia , 18 , 181–190 [in Russian , with English summary].

Pirrus , R. 1971. About results of spore-and-pollen quantitative analysis of plant species when investigating Late-Glacial deposits. In Palinologicheskie issledovaniya v Pribaltike [Palynological Researches in the Baltic Soviet Republics] (Bartosh , T. , ed.) , pp. 127–132. Zinatne , Riga [in Russian , with English summary].

Pirrus , R. 1983. Vooremaa maastikukaitseala järvesetete geoloogia ja järvede areng [Geology and Development of Lakes of the Vooremaa Nature Reserve]. Report in the Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Geology , Tallinn , 122 pp.

Pirrus , R. & Raukas , A. 1996. Late-Glacial stratigraphy of Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences , Geology , 45 , 34–45.

Pirrus , R. & Rõuk , A.-M. 1979. New data on the geology of the Soitsjärv Lake. In Eesti NSV saarkõrgustike ja järvenõgude kujunemine [Formation of Island Elevations and Lake Depressions in Estonia] (Raukas , A. , ed.) , pp. 118–144. Valgus , Tallinn [in Estonian , with English summary].

Pirrus , R. , Rõuk , A.-M. & Liiva , A. 1987. Geology and stratigraphy of the reference site of Lake Raigastvere in Saadjärv Drumlin Field. In Palaeohydrology of the Temperate Zone II. Lakes (Raukas , A. & Saarse , L. , eds) , pp. 101–122. Valgus , Tallinn.

Raukas , A. & Rähni , E. 1968. On the geological development of the Peipsi-Pihkva depression and the basins distributed in that region. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Toimetised , Keemia , Geoloogia , 18 , 113–125 [in Russian , with English summary].

Raukas , A. , Rähni , E. & Miidel , A. 1971. Marginal Glacial Formations in North Estonia. Valgus , Tallinn , 226 pp. [in Russian , with English summary].

Rattas , M. & Piotrowski , J. A. 2003. Influence of bedrock permeability and till grain size on the formation of the Saadjärv drumlin field. Boreas , 32 , 167–177.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03009480310001849

Reimer , P. J. , Baillie , M. G. L. , Bard , E. , Bayliss , A. , Beck , J. W. , Bertrand , C. , Blackwell , P. G. , Buck , C. E. , Burr , G. , Cutler , K. B. , Damon , P. E. , Edwards , R. L. , Fairbanks , R. G. , Friedrich , M. , Guilderson , T. P. , Hughen , K. A. , Kromer , B. , McCormac , F. G. , Manning , S. , Bronk Ramsey , C. , Reimer , R. W. , Remmele , S. , Southon , J. R. , Stuiver , M. , Talamo , S. , Taylor , F. W. , van der Plicht , J. & Weyhenmeyer , C. E. 2004. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration , 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon , 46 , 1029–1058.

Renssen , H. & Isarin , R. F. B. 2001. The two major warming phases of the last deglaciation at ~ 14.7 and ~ 11.5 ka cal BP in Europe: climate reconstruction and AGCM experiments. Global and Planetary Change , 30 , 7–153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8181(01)00082-0

Rosentau , A. , Hang , T. & Kalm , V. 2007. Water-level changes and palaeogeography of proglacial lakes in eastern Estonia: synthesis of data from the Saadjärv Drumlin Field area. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences , 56 , 85–100.

Rõuk , A.-M. 1987. Physiography of the central part of Saadjärv drumlin field with special reference to Lake Raigastvere and its surroundings. In Palaeohydrology of the Temperate Zone II. Lakes (Raukas , A. & Saarse , L. , eds) , pp. 81–100. Valgus , Tallinn.

Saarse , L. 1994. Bottom Deposits of Small Estonian Lakes. Institute of Geology , Estonian Academy of Sciences , Tallinn , 230 pp. [in Russian , with English summary].

Saarse , L. & Kärson , J. 1982. Sedimentological peculiarities of the lakes Elistvere , Prossa and Pikkjärv. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Toimetised , Geoloogia , 31 , 62–67 [in Russian , with English summary].

Saarse , L. , Niinemets , E. , Amon , L. , Heinsalu , A. , Veski , S. & Sohar , K. 2009. Development of the late glacial Baltic basin and the succession of vegetation cover as revealed at Palaeolake Haljala , northern Estonia. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences , 58 , 317–333.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/earth.2009.4.10

Sarmaja-Korjonen , K. , Seppänen , A. & Bennike , O. 2006. Pediastrum algae from the classic late glacial Bølling Sø site , Denmark: response of aquatic biota to climate change. Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology , 138 , 95–107.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2005.12.003

Sohar , K. & Meidla , T. 2009. The Late Glacial and Holocene environmental history of shallow lakes in Estonia , revealed from subfossil ostracod data. Geological Quarterly , 53 , 209–218.

Stančikaitė , M. , Kabailienė , M. , Ostrauskas , T. & Guobytė , R. 2002. Environment and man around Lakes Dūba and Pelesa , SE Lithuania , during the Late Glacial and Holocene. Geological Quarterly , 46 , 391–409.

Stančikaitė , M. , Kisilienė , D. & Strimaitienė , A. 2004. Vegetation response to the climatic and human impact changes during the Late Glacial and Holocene: case study of the marginal area of Baltija Upland , NE Lithuania. Baltica , 17 , 17–33.

Stančikaite , M. , Šinkūnas , P. , Šeirienė , D. & Kisielienė , D. 2008. Patterns and chronology of the Lateglacial environmental development at Pamerkiai and Kašučiai , Lithuania. Quaternary Science Reviews , 27 , 127–147.

Stuiver , M. , Reimer , P. J. & Reimer , R. 2005. CALIB Radiocarbon Calibration (HTML Version 5.0). http://radiocarbon.pa.qub.ac.uk/calib/ [accessed 3 June 2011].

Ukkonen , P. , Aaris-Sørensen , K. , Arppe , L. , Clark , P. U. , Daugnora , L. , Lister , A. M. , Lõugas , L. , Seppä , H. , Sommer , R. S. , Stuart , A. J. , Wojtal , P. & Zupiņš , I. 2011. Woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius Blum.) and its environment in northern Europe during the last glaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews , 30 , 693–712.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.12.017

Virtanen , T. , Mikkola , K. , Nikula , A. , Christensen , J. H. , Mazhitova , G. G. , Oberman , N. G. & Kuhry , P. 2004. Modelling the location of the forest line in northeast European Russia with remotely sensed vegetation and GIS-based climate and terrain data. Arctic , Antarctic and Alpine Research , 36 , 314–322.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1657/1523-0430(2004)036[0314:MTLOTF]2.0.CO;2

 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 68, Issue 3, 2019




Publishing schedule:

No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December