headerpos: 9517
 
 
  Estonian Journal of Archaeology

ISSN 1736-7484 (electronic)  ISSN 1406-2933 (print)

Published since 1997

Estonian Journal of Archaeology

ISSN 1736-7484 (electronic)  ISSN 1406-2933 (print)

Published since 1997

Publisher
Journal Information
» Editorial Policy
» Editorial Board
» Abstractring/Indexing
Guidelines for Authors
» For Authors
» Instructions to Authors
» Copyright Form
Guidelines for Reviewers
» For Reviewers
» Review Form
Subscription Information
Internet Links
Support and Contact
List of Issues
» 2019
» 2018
» 2017
» 2016
» 2015
Vol. 19, Issue 2
Vol. 19, Issue 1
» 2014
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
» 2010
» 2009
» 2008
» 2007
» Back Issues
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google
Publisher
» Other Journals
» Staff

NEW DATA ON JAANI STONE GRAVES AT VÄO, NORTHERN ESTONIA; pp. 110–137

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/arch.2015.2.02


Authors

Margot Laneman, Valter Lang, Martin Malve, Eve Rannamäe

Abstract

The article presents the results of osteological analysis and radiocarbon dating of the bones from Jaani stone grave(s) at Väo, excavated in 1982. The study of human bones revealed the remains of at least 38 individuals of various age groups. Due to heavy fragmentation and intermingling of bones, it was possible to reconstruct only one skeleton in cist A, while the distribution, location and details of burial mode for other inhumations remain questionable. Zooarchaeological analysis revealed a pattern generally compatible with other contemporary sites, but unexpectedly, a radiocarbon date of a sheep bone turned out to be recent, suggesting caution in interpretation and need for more frequent 14C-dating of animal remains. Radiocarbon dates of the human remains show that stone-cist grave B was present in the Late Bronze Age, but grave A probably originates from the Early Pre-Roman Iron Age (5th c. BC) and may thus be one of the latest stone-cist graves in Estonia. We were unable to radiocarbon-date the original bone deposit of the ship grave, but it is nevertheless likely that the ship is (one of) the oldest structure(s) at the site. The site also includes interments from Roman, Migration and Pre-Viking periods, when it was probably reserved for pre­dominantly child and infant burials. A few deposits of burnt human bone from at least three individuals perhaps also date from this use-phase.



References

Bronk Ramsey , C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. – Radiocarbon , 51: 1 , 337–360.

Deemant , K. 1993. Proosa kivikalmistu. Magistritöö. Tartu Ülikool , Tartu , Tallinn. Manuscript in the University of Tartu Library.

Howen , A. 1900. Ausgrabungen in Estland. – Beiträge zur Kunde Est- , Liv- und Kurlands , V , 92–96.

Jaanits , K. & Lavi , A. 1978. Über die Ausgrabungen eines Steinkistengrabes in Väo. – TATÜ , 27: 4 , 330–333.

Jiménez-Brobeil , S. A. , Al Oumaoui , I. & du Souich , P. 2010. Some types of vertebral pathologies in the Argar Culture (Bronze Age , SE Spain). – International Journal of Osteoarchaeology , 20: 1 , 36–46.

Kalman , J. 2000. Tandemägi stone grave – osteological report. – Lang , V. 2000. Keskusest ääre­maaks: viljelusmajandusliku asustuse kujunemine ja areng Vihasoo–Palmse piirkonnas Virumaal. (MT , 7.) Tallinn , lisa 5 / Appendix 5 , 423–433.

Kirk , A. 2003. Halljänes on meil uustulnuk. – Eesti Loodus , 2/3 , 68–69.

Kraut , A. 1985. Die Steinkistengräber von Jõelähtme. – TATÜ , 34: 4 , 348–350.

Laneman , M. 2012. Stone-cist grave at Kaseküla , western Estonia , in the light of AMS dates of the human bones. – EJA , 16: 2 , 91–117.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/arch.2012.2.01

Laneman , M. & Lang , V. 2013. New radiocarbon dates for two stone-cist graves at Muuksi , northern Estonia. – EJA , 17: 2 , 89–122.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/arch.2013.2.01

Lang , V. 1983a. Aruanne Väo küla end. Jaani talu kivikalme arheoloogilisest uurimisest (Jõelähtme khk.) 5.07.–31.08.1982. Manuscript in the archive of the Institute of History and Archaeology at the University of Tartu.

Lang , V. 1983b. Ein neues Steinschiffsgrab in Nordestland. – TATÜ , 32: 4 , 293–295.

Lang , V. 1992. Eesti labidaspeaga luunõelte dateerimisest. – Stilus , 1. Eesti Arheoloogiaseltsi Teated , 8–32.

Lang , V. 1996. Muistne Rävala: muistised , kronoloogia ja maaviljelusliku asustuse kujunemine Loode-Eestis , eriti Pirita jõe alamjooksu piirkonnas , I–II. (MT , 4. Töid arheoloogia alalt , 4.) Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia Ajaloo Instituut , Tallinn.

Lang , V. 2000. Keskusest ääremaaks: viljelusmajandusliku asustuse kujunemine ja areng Vihasoo–Palmse piirkonnas Virumaal. (MT , 7.) Tallinn.

Lang , V. 2007a. The Bronze and Early Iron Ages in Estonia. (Estonian Archaeology , 3.) Tartu University Press.

Lang , V. 2007b. Joining together graves and souls. – Colours of Archaeology: Material Culture and the Society. Papers from the Second Theoretical Seminar of the Baltic Archaeologists
(BASE) Held at the University of Vilnius , Lithuania , October 21–22 , 2005. Ed. A. Merkevičius. (Interarchaeologica , 2.) Vilnius , Helsinki , Riga , Tartu , 79–91.

Lang , V. & Ligi , P. 1991. Muistsed kalmed ajaloolise demograafia allikana. – Arheoloogiline kogumik. Eds L. Jaanits & V. Lang. (MT , 1.) Eesti Arheoloogiaselts et al. , Tallinn , 216–238.

Laul , S. 2001. Rauaaja kultuuri kujunemine Eesti kaguosas (500 e.Kr. – 500 p.Kr.). (MT , 9. Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi kirjad , 7.) Tallinn.

Laul , S. & Tõnisson , E. 1991. Muistsete sirpide ja vikatite kujunemisloost Eestis. – Arheoloogiline kogumik. Eds L. Jaanits & V. Lang. (MT , 1.) Eesti Arheoloogiaselts et al. , Tallinn , 75–91.

Lepiksaar , J. 1986. The Holocene history of theriofauna in Fennoscandia and Baltic countries. – Nordic Late Quaternary Biology and Ecology. Ed. L.-K. Königsson. (Striae , 24.) Uppsala ,
51–70.

Lõugas , V. 1970. Sõrve laevkalmed. – Studia archaeologica in memoriam Harri Moora. Eds
M. Schmiedehelm et al. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Ajaloo Instituut , Valgus , Tallinn , 111–118.

Lõugas , V. 1975. Ausgrabungen der Steinkistengräber in Väo. – TATÜ , 24: 1 , 77–78.

Lõugas , V. 1976. Ausgrabungen der Steingräber und Flurrelikte in Iru. – TATÜ , 25: 1 , 48–52.

Lõugas , V. 1981. Archäologische Rettungsgrabungen im neuen Wohngebiet Lasnamäe in Tallinn. – TATÜ , 30: 4 , 390–393.

Malve , M. , Varul , L. & Laneman , M. 2014. Väo Jaani kivikalmete inimluude (AI 5220) osteoloogiline analüüs. Manuscript in the archive of the Institute of History and Archaeology at the University of Tartu.

Mandel , M. 2000. Poanse tarandkalmed. – Töid ajaloo alalt , II. Comp. H. Pauts , ed. T. Tamla. Eesti Ajaloomuuseum , Tallinn , 89–111.

Nilsson Stutz , L. 2003. Embodied Rituals and Ritualized Bodies: Tracing Ritual Practices in Late Mesolithic Burials. (Acta Archaeologica Lundensia. Series in 8º , No. 46.) Lund.

Rannamäe , E. , Laneman , M. & Tomek , T. 2014. Väo Jaani kivikalmete (AI 5220) loomaluude analüüs. Manuscript in the archive of the Institute of History and Archaeology at the University of Tartu.

Reimer , P. J. , Bard , E. , Bayliss , A. , Beck , J. W. , Blackwell , P. G. , Bronk Ramsey , C. , Buck , C. E. , Cheng , H. , Edwards , R. L. , Friedrich , M. , Grootes , P. M. , Guilderson , T. P. , Haflidason , H. , Hajdas , I. , Hatté , C. , Heaton , T. J. , Hoffman , D. L. , Hogg , A. G. , Hughen , K. A. , Kaiser , K. F. , Kromer , B. , Manning , S. W. , Niu , M. , Reimer , R. W. , Richards , D. A. , Scott , E. M. , Southon , J. R. , Staff , R. A. , Turney , C. S. M. & van der Plicht , J. 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves , 0–50 ,000 years cal BP. – Radiocarbon , 55: 4 , 1869–1887.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16947

Shmidekhel´m , M. Kh. 1955. = Шмидехельм M. X. Археологические памятники периода разложения родового строя на северо-востоке Эстонии (V в. до н. э. – V в. н. э.). Aкадемия наук Эстонской ССР , Институт истории , Эстонское государственное издательство , Таллин.

Spreckelsen , A. 1907. Ausgrabungen in Saage , Kirchsp. Jeglecht , Estland. – Beiträge zur Kunde Est- , Liv- und Kurlands , VI , 376–419.

Spreckelsen , A. 1927. Das Gräberfeld Laakt (Lagedi) , Kirchspiel St. Jürgens , Harrien , Estland. (Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi toimetused / Verhandlungen der Gelehrten Estn. Gesellsch. , XXIV.)
Dorpat.

Tvauri , A. 2012. The Migration Period , Pre-Viking Age , and Viking Age in Estonia. (Estonian Archaeology , 4.) Tartu University Press.

Van Strydonck , M. , Boudin , M. & De Mulder , G. 2009. 14C dating of cremated bones: the issue of sample contamination. – Radiocarbon , 51: 2 , 553–568.

Vassar , A. 1936. Kivikalme Nehatus. – Eesti Rahvuslaste Klubid , 7/8 , 190–195.

Vassar , A. 1943. Nurmsi kivikalme Eestis ja tarandkalmete areng. Doktoritöö. Tartu Ülikool. Manuscript at http://www.arheo.ut.ee/docs/Vassar19431.pdf

Wehlin , J. 2013. Östersjön skeppssättningar: monument och mötesplatser under yngre bronsålder. (GOTARC Serie B. Gothenburg Archaeological Theses , 59.) Göteborgs Universitet , Inst. för historiska studier.

 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 23, Issue 1, 2019




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 June
No. 2: 20 December