headerpos: 17406
 
 
 

Emakeele Seltsi aastaraamat
The Yearbook of the Estonian Mother Tongue Society
ISSN 2228-1215 (electronic)   ISSN 0206-3735 (print)

Emakeele Seltsi aastaraamat
The Yearbook of the Estonian Mother Tongue Society
ISSN 2228-1215 (electronic)   ISSN 0206-3735 (print)

Publisher
Journal Information
» History
» Editorial Policy
» Editorial Board
» Abstracting/Indexing
Guidelines for authors
» For Authors
» Instructions to authors
» For Review
List of Issues
» 2019
» 2018
» 2017
» 2016
Vol. 61, Issue 1
» 2015
» 2014
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011

GGG, semantics and pragmatics of Estonian and theoretical linguistics; pp. 281–294

(Full article in PDF format) doi:10.3176/esa61.14


Authors

Haldur Õim

Abstract

The paper presents a short overview of the development of two linguistic subfields, semantics and pragmatics, in Estonia, from the general theoretical perspective as well as concerning the empirical studies of the Estonian language. The history of these studies goes back to the GGG, first, in the sense that their origins as contemporary linguistic disciplines are in the GGG, and second, their further developments after the GGG have proceeded more or less along the same path as the conceptions of semantics-pragmatics which grew out from Generative Grammar via generative semantics and its successors elsewhere. And as the third topic, the development of theoretical linguistics to a subfield of its own in Estonia, as supported by the described developments in semantics and pragmatics, is commented.
In semantic research three developmental stages, although partially overlapping, are differentiated, starting from the publication of Chomsky’s “Aspects” in 1965 and resulting in semantics as a full-fledged component/level of language description: 1) treatment of semantic features as predicates which can take certain types of arguments; 2) presentation of semantic structures of words and sentences as hierarchical predicate-argument structures which allow logical processing (e.g. deriving inferences); 3) based on this, the possibility of representing the meanings of coherent texts (e.g. descriptions of events) as complex semantic structures.
Through this development, pragmatics as a separate research field was also included in linguistics. Its primary interests lie not in linguistic structures (words, phrases, sentences, or dialogs as texts), but in units and structures of communication (communicative acts, participants, their beliefs and communicative goals, dynamics of the communication process, etc.). In doing this, it uses as input the data provided by semantics.
Concerning theoretical linguistics, the paper gives a short overview of the process of its transition from the generative paradigm to the cognitive-functional one. At the Department of General Linguistics established at Tartu University in the early 1990s, the cognitive linguistic approach also became the primary one. Several studies, theoretical as well as those dealing with concrete empirical subareas of Estonian lexica and syntax, have been carried out by linguistics students, and thus a new generation of researchers has emerged. In 2007 the Estonian Cognitive Linguistics Association (ECLA) was established, which has good contacts with the International Cognitive Linguistics Association (ICLA).
At the end of the overview, the role of the GGG in the development of computational linguistics and language technology in Estonia is also touched upon briefly.

Keywords

GGG, semantics, pragmatics, theoretical linguistics, cognitive linguistics, language technology

References

Cognitive and Functional Perspectives 2008 = Cognitive and Functional Perspectives on Dynamic Tendencies in Languages. May 29 to June 1 , 2008. Universty of Tartu , Estonia.

Erelt , Mati 1970 , 1971. Adjektiivide gradatsioon ja komparatsioon eesti keeles. – Keel ja struktuur 4 , 3–80; 5 , 3–34.

Fillmore , Charles 1968a. The case for case. – Universals in Linguistic Theory. Eds. Emmon Bach , Robert T. Harms. London: Holt , Rinehart and Winston , 1–88.

Fillmore , Charles 1968b. Types of lexical information. – Working Papers in Linguistics 2. Columbus , Ohio , 65–103.

Hennoste , Tiit 2003. Keelekasutuse uurimine. – Emakeele Seltsi aastaraamat 48 (2002). Eesti keele uurimise analüüs. Koost. Mati Erelt. Tallinn ,
217–262.

Janda , Laura A. (ed.) 2013. Cognitive Linguistics: The Quantitative Turn. The Essential Reader. De Gruyter Mouton.

Katz , Jerrold J. , Jerry A. Fodor 1963. The structure of a semantic theory. – Language 39 (2) , 170–210.

Klavan jt 2013 = Jane Klavan , Ann Veismann , Anni Jürine. Katselised meetodid tähenduse uurimisel. – Eesti ja soome-ugri keeleteaduse ajakiri. Journal of Estonian and Finno-Ugric Linguistics 4–1 , 17−34.

Koit , Mare 2015. Läbirääkimiste modelleerimine arvutil. – Eesti Rakenduslingvistika Ühingu aastaraamat XI (2015). Toim. Helle Metslang , Margit Langemets , Maria-Maren Sepper. Tallinn: Eesti Rakenduslingvistika Ühing , 127−140. http://dx.doi.org/10.5128/ERYa11.08.

Lakoff , George , Mark Johnson 1980. Metaphors we Live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Meister jt 2012 = Einar Meister , Sascha Fagel , Rainer Metsvahi. Towards audiovisual TTS in Estonian. – Human Language Technologies. The Baltic Perspective: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference Baltic HLT 2012. Ed. Arvi Tavast , Kadri Muischnek , Mare Koit. (= Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications 247.) Amsterdam: IOS Press , 138−145.

Muischnek jt 2012 = Kadri Muischnek , Mark Fišel , Heiki-Jaan Kaalep , Mare Koit , Kaili Müürisep , Heili Orav , Kadri Vare , Haldur Õim. Arvutilingvistika ja keeletehnoloogia Tartu Ülikoolis. – Emakeele Seltsi aastaraamat 57 (2011). Peatoim. Mati Erelt. Tallinn: Teaduste Akadeemia Kirjastus , 66–102.

Orav , Heili , Sirli Parm 2014. Seitsmes „Global Wordnet“ konverents. – Keel ja Kirjandus 5 , 403–406.

Orav jt 2015 = Heili Orav , Sirli Zupping , Kadri Vare. Leksikosemantiliste suhete hägusus Eesti Wordnetis. – Emakeele Seltsi aastaraamat 60 (2014). Peatoim. Mati Erelt. Tallinn: Teaduste Akadeemia Kirjastus , 171–194.

Pajusalu jt (toim.) 2002 = Teoreetiline keeleteadus Eestis. Toim. Renate Pajusalu , Ilona Tragel , Tiit Hennoste , Haldur Õim. (= Tartu Ülikooli üldkeele­teaduse õppetooli toimetised 4.) Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus.

Tragel , Ilona (toim.) 2001. Papers in Estonian Cognitive Linguistics. (= Tartu Ülikooli üldkeeleteaduse õppetooli toimetised 2.) Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus.

Tragel , Ilona 2002. Kognitiivne lingvistika mujal ja meil. – Teoreetiline keeleteadus Eestis. Toim. Renate Pajusalu , Ilona Tragel , Tiit Hennoste , Haldur Õim. (= Tartu Ülikooli üldkeeleteaduse õppetooli toimetised 4.) Tartu , 272–286.

Veismann , Ann , Ilona Tragel 2008. Kuidas horisontaalne ja vertikaalne liikumissuund eesti keeles aspektiks kehastuvad. – Keel ja Kirjandus 7 , 515–530.

Õim , Haldur 1971. Isiku mõistega seotud sõnarühmade semantiline struktuur eesti keeles. – Keele modelleerimise probleeme 4. (= Tartu Riikliku Ülikooli toimetised 278.) Tartu: [Tartu Riiklik Ülikool] , 3–260.

Õim , Haldur 1973. Keel , keeleteadus ja pragmaatika. – Keel ja struktuur 8. Tartu , 107–147.

Õim , Haldur 1974. Semantika. Tallinnn: Valgus.

Õim , Haldur 1977. Towards a theory of linguistic pragmatics. – Journal of Pragmatics 1 (3) , 251–268.

Õim , Haldur 1981. Teoreetilise keeleteaduse vanast ja uuest paradigmast. – Keel ja Kirjandus 7 , 385–391; 8 , 456–464.

Õim , Haldur 1996. Teoreetiline keeleteadus ja integreeritud keeleteooria. – Keel ja Kirjandus 11 , 731–744.

Õim , Haldur 2002. Teoreetiline keeleteadus Eestis. – Teoreetiline keeleteadus Eestis. Toim. Renate Pajusalu , Ilona Tragel , Tiit Hennoste , Haldur Õim. (= Tartu Ülikooli üldkeeleteaduse õppetooli toimetised 4.) Tartu , 11–23.

Õim , Haldur 2008. Kognitiivne pööre. – Keel ja Kirjandus 8–9. Humanitaarteadused pöördes , 617–627. 

Õim , Haldur 2009. Filoloogi mälestused sellest , kuidas eesti keel ja arvuti Tartus kokku said. – Pool sajandit arvutit Tartu Ülikoolis. Koost. Peep Uba. Toim. Andres Jaeger. Tartu Ülikooli matemaatika-informaatikateaduskond , 87–95.

Õim , Haldur , Ilona Tragel 2007. Teoreetilise keeleteaduse arengust mujal ja meil XXI sajandi algul. – Keel ja Kirjandus 2 , 98–115.

 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 64, Issue 1, 2019


Publishing schedule:
               Next year June